The first written record of note was 'De Excidio Britanniae' written in Latin by the monk
Gilas in A.D. 547. Several texts were produced around the 7th century using an eccentric form of
latin mixed with Brythonic, Hebrew and Greek called Hisperic.
It was at this time that the Welsh language started to emerge from the Brythonic, although it was not
until the 9th century that it came to be written down.
By the end of the 8th century, Welsh ousted Latin as the language of the aristocracy.
The Industrial Revolution in the 1730s brought an influx of English-speakers into the country
and led to a decline in Welsh.
Today only 20% of the population, mostly in the northwest and west, speak Welsh but many are determined
to rejuvenate the language. A Welsh Language Board was set up in 1988 and
Welsh S4C (Channel 4 Wales) televises daily Welsh programs.
Good morning - Bore da
Good afternoon - Prynhawn da
Goodbye - Hwyl Fawr
Good night - Nos da
Today - Heddiw
Yesterday - Ddoe
Tomorrow - Yfory
Tonight - Heno
How are you? - Shwd i chi?
Very well, thank you - Da iawn, diolch yn fawr
It is raining - Mae'n bwrw glaw
It is a nice day - Mae'n ddiwrnod braf
It is cold - Mae'n oer
It is warm - Mae'n dwym
Where is ... - Ble mae ...
The Church - Yr Eglwys
The School - Yr Ysgol
The College - Y Coleg
Swimming Pool - Y Pwll Nofio
Car Park - Y Maes Parcio
Town Hall - Neuadd y Dref
Police Station - Swyddfa'r Heddlu
Post Office - Swyddfa'r Post
Market - Y Farchnad
Sports Field - Y Cae Chwarae
Doctor - Meddyg
I am pleased to meet you - Neis cwrdd â chi
What is your name? - Beth yw'ch enw chi?
Where are you from? - O le i chi'n dod?
When did you arrive? - Pryd cyrhaeddoch chi?
Cheers/Good Health - Iechyd da!